Tag Archives: Armando Fortune

Panama is a ‘Sancocho’

Armando Fortune’s idea of Panama as a “sancocho“-a mixture of elements rather than a welding together- in contradistinction to the old oligarchy’s notion of Panama as a Crisol de las Razas – or a melting pot of races, seems somehow more accurate especially coming from a highly observant and eloquent Black man who lived the rigors of growing up black in Panama.  Continue reading

Armando Fortune- ‘Without the Black Race, Panama Would Not be Panama’

Image thanks to the Biblioteca Nacional

Were it not for the intellectual and literary legacy of Professor Armando Fortune (1921-1979) we of the Afro Panamanian ethnic group of Panama – especially the West Indian Panamanian group- would not be celebrating Black Ethnicity month today. Continue reading