Tag Archives: Constitution-of-1941

The Case for Admittance to Spanish Schools Mounts

President Juan Demostenes Arosemena
1879-1939
Image

Although there was no outwardly organized movement to maintain Westindian children segregated in Panama public schools many Westindian parents were reacting in fear of what could occur during those trying times of racial tensions, which seemed to run in cycles, and they would keep their families locked up inside their areas of control. Continue reading

Don Pedro N. Rhodes

"Don" Pedro N. Rhodes, well known Colon attorney and tireless champion for the Westindian people of Panama. Image was taken from The Panama Tribune, on the occasion of his fifty third birthday.

“Don” Pedro N. Rhodes,
well known Colon attorney and
tireless champion for the Westindian
people of Panama. Image was taken
from The Panama Tribune, on the occasion of his fifty third birthday.

Pedro N. Rhodes, distinguished Panamanian lawyer and well known Atlantic side politician was born in the City of Colon June 8, 1894. His early schooling at the age of six began at Christ Church School with S. T. Bailey as teacher. His elementary education completed, Mr. Rhodes attended St. Joseph College from where he was graduated with honors. Continue reading

The 1941 Constitution- The Prohibited Immigrants

At this point it is important to underline the tireless work of Pedro Rhodes, a young, well known and well versed lawyer from Colon who, together with George W. Westerman, initiated a challenge to the 1941 Constitution long before it became law in January of 1941. Continue reading

The 1941 Constitution- The Political Backdrop

Arnulfo Arias Madrid

By the time I was born during the mid-1930’s the political climate in the small Republic of Panama was heating up to fever pitch and the racist and xenophobic tide in popular attitudes found their greatest exponent in one particular spokesman. Arnulfo Arias Madrid was born in Penonomé, the capital of Coclé province in western Panama on August 15, 1901. Upon being awarded a government scholarship he went to high school in Binghamton, New York, and then attended the University of Chicago and Harvard University which awarded him a medical degree. Continue reading