Tag Archives: Constitution-of-1946

The Case for Admittance to Spanish Schools Mounts

President Juan Demostenes Arosemena
1879-1939
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Although there was no outwardly organized movement to maintain Westindian children segregated in Panama public schools many Westindian parents were reacting in fear of what could occur during those trying times of racial tensions, which seemed to run in cycles, and they would keep their families locked up inside their areas of control. Continue reading

The 1941 Constitution- The Prohibited Immigrants

At this point it is important to underline the tireless work of Pedro Rhodes, a young, well known and well versed lawyer from Colon who, together with George W. Westerman, initiated a challenge to the 1941 Constitution long before it became law in January of 1941. Continue reading

The Beginnings of the Next Great Exodus

New York City skyline in 1932 but, by the 1940's it would become a familiar sight to Panamanian West Indians.

The first great economic depression for the newly emerging West Indian working men since the slavery days ending in 1833 initiated a period of quiet struggle for cultural identification for the entire West Indian populace. For most West Indians it was also a way of gaining that assertion of human rights, using their right as freedmen and laborers to accentuate their rights as bonafide citizens.

These rights as working men however, would not be part of the human experience for the Hispanic branch of the African people in the Panamanian theater, in which, up until the 19th century, the Diaspora had remain enslaved. Continue reading