Tag Archives: Victoriano Lorenzo

Negotiations and the Spooner Act

1898 political cartoon: "Ten Thousand Miles From Tip to Tip" meaning the extension of U.S. domination (symbolized by a bald eagle) from Puerto Rico to the Philippines. The cartoon contrasts this with a map of the smaller United States 100 years earlier in 1798. Image thanks to Wikipedia.com

1898 political cartoon: “Ten Thousand Miles From Tip to Tip” meaning the extension of U.S. domination (symbolized by a bald eagle) from Puerto Rico to the Philippines. The cartoon contrasts this with a map of the smaller United States 100 years earlier in 1798. Image thanks to Wikipedia.com

The political climate in the country of Panama after the disgraceful sacrifice of General Victoriano Lorenzo on May 15, 1903 had left in place an ineffectual pedantic elite in government. The sureness of peace had led the Colombian army to almost abandon the small Departamento, or annexed province of Panama. Continue reading

Times of Preparation for Independence

Panama's Flag

For the peasantry and the common people of Panama the terms called for in the Wisconsin Peace Accords of November 22, 1902 would turn out to be another one of the great betrayals that they would suffer before the close of the 20th century. Continue reading

An Epitaph to an Indian Patriot of Panama


From the moment he had discovered what was afoot General Lorenzo had unequivocally opposed the giveaway called for in the Wisconsin Accords. Only until today, in this precise moment, has it been recognized that General Victoriano Lorenzo, “that little Indian man,” was really the only who had gained vindication in the many battles his people waged and won. As some historians have said, “Victoriano Lorenzo, the only protagonist of the War of 1899, was a country farmer and an anonymous hero. (Tamayo 1940) Continue reading

The Mysterious Disappearance of General Victoriano Lorenzo

Images thanks to: www.nativeplanet.org
Ngobe people living in Panama today.

There lay the final chapter of that Thousand Days War, that 15th day of the month of May, of that venerable year of 1903. In a tortured and riddled heap lay the spirit of patriarchal Panama, claiming at last the spirit of her one and only hero of liberation. Continue reading

A National Disgrace: the “Trial” and Execution of Victoriano Lorenzo

Images thanks to Mr. George Chevalier

A month had passed and with no word from his people in Penonomé his desperation induced him to begin to engineer an escape. His plans were to make an attempt even if he was caught; anything was better than to wait for death to overtake him. The night of December 23rd, he thought, would be the night he would try his escape. Continue reading

General Victoriano Lorenzo’s Captors

The image is of Vicente Guerrero- an excellent example of a “pardo” soldier who rose through the ranks in the Mexican Revolutionary struggles against Spain to become President of the nation in 1829.

See The Majestic Life of President Vicente Guerrero

As General Victoriano Lorenzo awaited trial by a military court the Mulattos, who made up the troops who guarded him, acted as if he had been their most feared enemy. Many of them had fought against his army and had been summarily routed. However, they had been indoctrinated to be haters and killers of Indians. The Colombian army, in fact, was like almost all the armies of liberation in the countries surrounding the beautiful Andean mountains, hot and stalwart with the Creole spirit like the nearby volcanoes and glaciers. Continue reading